How To Care For A Mass Cane Plant (2022) (2022)

How To Care For A Mass Cane Plant (2022) (1)

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ByCori Lohstroh/May 3, 2022 8:15 am EDT

Also known as a corn plant, the mass cane plant (Dracaena fragrans "Massangeana") is native to tropical regions of Africa and Upper New Guinea. They are popular options as houseplants given how easy they are to care for, says Dengarden. Their hardy nature makes them ideal additions for beginners. If growing conditions aren't always followed precisely, the mass cane plant isn't prone to tantrums.

The mass cane plant can grow to be up to 5 to 15 feet tall with long, fern-like foliage. They are versatile plants that can be pruned and maintained at any size desired, provided it is larger than 6 inches, explains SFGate. The mass cane plant's adaptable behavior and easy care make them a go-to option for ornamental purposes, such as office décor. They are not as capable of flowering in their containers as indoor houseplants, but they are incredibly popular for their long, dramatic foliage that is similar to palms and bamboo-like stems.

How to grow mass cane plant

How To Care For A Mass Cane Plant (2022) (2)

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Propagation of a mass cane plant can be accomplished via cutting a piece of cane from the main plant. When it comes time to prune your mass cane plant, consider propagating the cuttings. The piece of cane may then be rooted in either soil or water, says Gardening Know How. To root in soil, insert the cane in a small pot of well-draining material, such as sand or perlite. Keep the potting medium moist. When new growth begins at the top of the cane, this means the plant is sufficiently rooted and is ready to be repotted.

To grow the roots via water, place the cane in a glass of water and leave in a location that has plenty of bright, indirect light, such as a windowsill or shelf. When the roots begin to grow in the water, your baby mass cane plant is ready to be relocated to a container of well-draining soil.

(Video) HAPPY PLANT HOW TO FIX 5 COMMON ISSUES | DRACAENA FRAGRANS MASSANGEANA CORN/DRAGON PLANT CARE TIPS

How to care for mass cane plant

How To Care For A Mass Cane Plant (2022) (3)

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Mass cane plants prefer indirect sunlight or partial shade. According to SFGate, mass cane plants will scorch if left in direct sunlight for prolonged periods, and their color will not fully develop. A soil pH of around 6 to 6.5 is ideal. They prefer loamy soil, according to theUniversity of Florida. Loamy soil is well-draining soil, which retains just enough moisture for the roots to absorb what is needed but also drains quickly enough to avoid root rot, explains The Spruce. Soil should be moist but should never be soggy. Allow the soil to dry completely before watering. Because they are slow-growing plants, you can likely water once a week. If the tips of the leaves begin to dry out, increase how often you water, says SFGate.

Gardening Know How recommends applying a balanced houseplant fertilizer every two weeks through the spring and summer. Reduce feedings to monthly during the fall and stop feeding through the winter to encourage a dormant period.

SFGate suggests controlling the mass cane plant's height by pruning canes during the growing season of spring and summer. Cut the mass cane plant's canes approximately ¼ inch above a leaf node with sanitized shears to avoid disease. New growth will sprout from the cane's pruned area within a month. You can also pinch off unwanted side shoots as they develop over the growing season.

Mass Cane Plant Varieties

How To Care For A Mass Cane Plant (2022) (4)

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There are over twenty species and cultivars in the dracaena family, according to Today's Gardener. All of the species are native to tropical regions of Africa. Petal Republic says some cultivars will bleed a red sap when pruned. This sap has been historically used for dyes or gastrointestinal relief, and the resins are burned as incense.

  • The Song of India (Dracaena reflexa "Song of India") is native to Madagascar. While it generally does not produce flowers when kept in indoor containers, the Song of India can produce white flowers when grown in their native, tropical environment.
  • Dracaena draco, also called the Dragon Tree, is often kept as an indoor succulent, but can grow up to 25 feet tall in a tropical environment, says Plant Care Today. Just like the Song of India, the Dragon Tree variety will resist flowering in indoor environments but can produce orange fruits and white flowers when growing in its natural habitat. Of all the varieties, this one is most suited for outdoor growing.
  • The Dracaena hookeriana is described by Today's Gardener as an evergreen shrub and is perfect for container gardening due to its compact size.
  • Dracaena deremensis "Lemon Surprise" has dark green foliage that is striped on the edges with bright lime green.
  • The White Jewel (Dracaena deremensis "White Jewel") has wavy green foliage that is striped with both dark green and light green. The White Jewel is ideal as a houseplant because it does not grow to be tall.
(Video) How to Care for a Dracaena Plant

Is mass cane plant toxic?

How To Care For A Mass Cane Plant (2022) (5)

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The mass cane plant is not considered to be toxic to humans, but they are toxic to dogs and cats. According to Gardening Know How,mass cane plant leaves are toxic to both cats and dogs due to high amounts of glycoside saponin. If you think your pet may have ingested some of the mass cane plant, watch for signs of vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, excessive salivating, and lethargy. Cats may also experience dilated pupils, says the ASPCA. Adverse reactions will be stronger and more serious in smaller dog breeds.

Contact your veterinarian at the first sign of these symptoms. While consuming the plant won't immediately be fatal to a dog or cat, the vomiting and diarrhea can quickly lead to dehydration, which is dangerous and can be fatal if left untreated. And, ifyour pet is a notorious leaf nibbler, consider repotting your mass cane plant in a hanging basket or moving it to a high shelf where it will be out of reach.

How to repot a mass cane plant

How To Care For A Mass Cane Plant (2022) (6)

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According to SFGate, mass cane plants prefer a snug container fit. Because they grow slowly, repotting the mass cane plant should only be necessary about every other year or so during the spring. When upgrading containers, the new pot should only be about two inches deeper or wider. The soil should be well-draining. To avoid root rot, make sure your new container has drainage holes, so the roots do not sit in water.

Fill the new, sterilized container with fresh potting soil about halfway.Gently roll the mass cane plant's current container onto its side and ease the plant out of the container. Carefully shake the old soil from the roots. Plantly recommends trimming away any dark or rotting roots with sterilized shears before placing the mass cane plant into the new container. Fill the empty space around the roots and cane stem with fresh soil. Water the mass cane plant well after repotting.

If the mass cane plant is tall, it may become top-heavy and may fall over. Gardening Mentor suggests adding a brick to the bottom of your container to provide a counterbalance. Gardening Know How acknowledges that sometimes plants can simply become too large to physically repot. Should you find your mass cane plant is too big for you to repot, you can replace the top three inches of soil once a year. This process, known as top dressing, will help provide much-needed nutrients to the plant without damaging it.

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(Video) Dracaena Massangeana mass cane corn plant How to grow

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(Video) Repotting my Dracaena Fragrans Massangeana . Aka Corn plant Or Mass Cane

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FAQs

How do you keep a mass cane plant alive? ›

Watering Needs

Water the plant less frequently in shady or low-light locations. This is because most Corn plant kinds are known for not requiring a lot of water. Between waterings, the soil should be kept somewhat dry. To avoid root rot, excess water in the saucer must be rapidly drained.

How do you take care of a mass cane floor plant? ›

To care for mass cane plant (Dracaena massangeana) grow it in well-draining potting soil and high humidity. Water the plant when the soil is partially dry. Place the mass cane in a bright room with indirect sunlight. The ideal temperature range is 60°C to 75°F (15°C – 24°C).

How do you trim leaves on a mass cane? ›

This is the correct way to trim it take a sprout. Three or four inches off of the main cane. And you

Should I cut the brown tips off my Dracaena? ›

Trim dead and browning foliage

Give your dracaena a spa day by doing a little leaf nipping and tucking. Start by removing dead leaves with a pair of scissors. Then trim off brown tips to make the plant look fresher. Consider pruning any stems are out of proportion.

Why are the leaves on my mass cane curling? ›

Too much fertilizer on dumb canes causes the tips of leaves to curl inward. Additionally, heat stress, various pest problems, too high a humidity level, and over exposure to light can cause curly leaves on a Dieffenbachia plant.

Is mass cane easy to care for? ›

Also known as a corn plant, the mass cane plant (Dracaena fragrans "Massangeana") is native to tropical regions of Africa and Upper New Guinea. They are popular options as houseplants given how easy they are to care for, says Dengarden. Their hardy nature makes them ideal additions for beginners.

Why is my mass cane plant dying? ›

Temperature Issues. Mass cane plants grow best in intermediate temperatures, generally between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures outside of this range can cause problems on the plant, including curling leaves and even, in extreme cases, defoliation.

Is mass cane an indoor plant? ›

Summary: Dracaena Massangeana fragrans, grown in many forms, multiple plants of staggered heights, hardy indoors when acclimated. Fragrans is the solid green variety of Dracaena family we often call the corn plant or cornstalk dracaena.

Can you keep a mass cane plant outside? ›

Although mass canes are adapted to indoor conditions, you can grow them outside when the ground reaches 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Mass canes burn if exposed to direct sunlight, however, so provide them only with indirect sunlight or part shade.

Can I cut the top off my dracaena plant? ›

The good news is that pruning dracaena plants isn't difficult. These sturdy plants tolerate trims with little complaint, and you can cut back a dracaena to any height you like.

Why is my dumb cane turning yellow? ›

Nutrient Deficiency

Your dumb cane plant may be changing color because it is not getting enough nutrients, especially nitrogen. Make sure to fertilize your plants with a diluted houseplant fertilizer regularly to prevent the leaves from yellowing.

How big does a mass cane plant get? ›

The plant is frequently surrounded by vegetation and other Fragrans plants in a shaded area. This Corn Cane Plant can grow anywhere from 3 to 8 feet and can be cut at the top once it has reached a suitable height making them an ideal indoor plant for offices, hotels, and other businesses alike.

What kind of soil does a mass cane need? ›

Mass Cane Plants need well-drained soil. Take a pot with holes at its bottom to plant them. Mass Cane Plants should be grown in a potting mix with high nutrients, such as clay.

Can you root mass cane in water? ›

Can you propagate mass cane in water? You simply place the stem cuttings in water, wait for roots to take, then transplant them to good quality houseplant potting soil.

How do I know if my dracaena needs water? ›

How much water does dracaena need and when to water dracaenas? A general rule of thumb is to only water dracaena when the soil feels dry to the touch. Water plants thoroughly, or until water freely flows from the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot.

What does an Underwatered dracaena look like? ›

When your dracaena is under watered, it'll start to show wrinkles on its stems and the tips of the leaves with start to dry out, turning crispy and brown. When this happens, water your plant as soon as you can and watch the wrinkles disappear on your dracaena.

How do you bring a dracaena back to life? ›

To revive a dying dracaena, replicate the conditions of its native environment by increasing the humidity with regular misting, water once a week and locate the dracaena in an area of bright indirect light. Trim back any brown leaves to stimulate new growth.

Why is my mass cane turning yellow and brown? ›

When your mass cane's leaves turn brown or yellow, it is commonly a symptom of overwatering or underwatering. The leaves will begin to show signs of discoloration around the edges but then spread to the middle. Similar symptoms show when the plant is too cold.

Why are the tips of my Dieffenbachia leaves turning brown? ›

Why are the tips of my dieffenbachia plant turning brown? Brown tips and leaf edges could be caused by inconsistent watering, dry air, overuse of chemical fertilizer, or minerals in tap water.

Why is my Dieffenbachia dying? ›

Dieffenbachia Dying Leaves

Do not ever let the temperature drop below 55F. If the leaves drop without yellowing, then it's an effect of low temperature. Try to maintain a consistent temperature pattern for your Dumb Cane plant. If you suspect the temperature is too low, move the plant to a warmer place.

What does indirect sunlight mean? ›

Indirect sunlight occurs when something in the path of light from the sun diffuses or filters the sunlight before it hits your plants. Examples include sheer curtains, a piece of furniture, a tree outside your window, or even another indoor plant placed in front to protect the lower-light plant.

Why does my corn plant have brown tips? ›

Corn plants most commonly get brown leaf tips due to underwatering or inconsistent watering. Other common causes include water high in fluoride or chlorine, or sources of plant stress such as low humidity, excess fertilizer, excess heat and light, pests, diseases and stress due to acclimation or repotting.

How long are plants in shock after repotting? ›

Transplant shock can last from two weeks to five years, depending on the plant or tree you're growing. This can cause temporary stagnation of growth or flower and fruit production. The longer the transplant shock remains, the higher the chances of the plant dying.

Do you cut brown leaves off plants? ›

Should you cut off dying leaves? Yes. Remove brown and dying leaves from your house plants as soon as possible, but only if they're more than 50 percent damaged. Cutting off these leaves allows the remaining healthy foliage to receive more nutrients and improves the plant's appearance.

Is mass cane toxic to dogs? ›

Dieffenbachia (commonly known as dumb cane, tropic snow, and exotica) is toxic to dogs and cats. Dieffenbachia contains a chemical that is a poisonous deterrent to animals. If this plant is ingested, oral irritation can occur, especially on the tongue and lips.

Does mass cane plant flower? ›

Corn plant (Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana') in bud. The flowers actually open at night. Yes, from time to time, perhaps only after decades of cultivation, it flowers, producing arching terminal panicle of pinkish buds that open into masses of white flowers.

Do mass cane plants need sunlight? ›

Mass Cane Light Requirements

Being a variegated plant, the mass cane thrives in lots of sunlight, preferably medium to indirect sunlight. It will tolerate some lower light situations, but it will not grow as vigorously. Make sure not to place the plant in direct sunlight as this can scorch the leaves!

How do I get Dracaena to branch? ›

How to Branch a Dracaena - YouTube

How do you make a Dracaena bushier? ›

The best ways to make your Dracaena look fuller and bushier is to plant more than one Dracaena in the same pot or to encourage the canes to branch. You can encourage branching by pruning the cane since this prompts the plant to produce new stems at the node directly below where you cut it.

Why is my Dumb Cane crying? ›

This phenomenon is called guttation, and it occurs even in perfectly healthy Dumb Canes. Its actual function is up for debate among botanists, but it seems to have something to do with how these plants regulate the balance of moisture and minerals inside their bodies.

Can a yellow leaf turn green again? ›

Generally when a houseplant leaf turns yellow, that leaf is dying. Chlorophyll gives a leaf its green color. When the leaf loses its chlorophyll, the plant abandons it and begins to absorb leftover nutrients from the leaf. That's why once the leaf turns yellow, you generally can't make it turn back green again.

When should I repot dieffenbachia? ›

When to Repot. It is time to repot your Dieffenbachia when its roots have filled the pot, or when you see roots growing from the bottom of the pot. Even if your plant still has room to grow, you want to refresh the soil every two to three years.

Is mass cane good indoor plant? ›

Native to parts of West Africa, Zambia, and Tanzania, the Mass Cane plant exists in tropical forests where humidity is relatively high. They are quite tolerant when it comes to growing indoors, making them an excellent addition!

Is mass cane an indoor plant? ›

Summary: Dracaena Massangeana fragrans, grown in many forms, multiple plants of staggered heights, hardy indoors when acclimated. Fragrans is the solid green variety of Dracaena family we often call the corn plant or cornstalk dracaena.

Can mass cane go outside? ›

Although mass canes are adapted to indoor conditions, you can grow them outside when the ground reaches 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Mass canes burn if exposed to direct sunlight, however, so provide them only with indirect sunlight or part shade. Their full color won't develop if they get too much sun.

Why is my mass cane plant dying? ›

Temperature Issues. Mass cane plants grow best in intermediate temperatures, generally between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures outside of this range can cause problems on the plant, including curling leaves and even, in extreme cases, defoliation.

What kind of soil does a mass cane need? ›

Mass Cane Plants need well-drained soil. Take a pot with holes at its bottom to plant them. Mass Cane Plants should be grown in a potting mix with high nutrients, such as clay.

How tall does a mass cane plant get? ›

The mass cane plant can grow to be up to 5 to 15 feet tall with long, fern-like foliage. They are versatile plants that can be pruned and maintained at any size desired, provided it is larger than 6 inches, explains SFGate.

Why is my mass cane turning yellow? ›

Your humidity level

Low humidity and dry soil cause leaves to droop and brown on their edges, later followed by entire yellowing, browning, and shriveling. Your Dracaena will appreciate a boost in humidity from regular misting, a humidifier, or pebble tray.

Do you cut brown leaves off plants? ›

Should you cut off dying leaves? Yes. Remove brown and dying leaves from your house plants as soon as possible, but only if they're more than 50 percent damaged. Cutting off these leaves allows the remaining healthy foliage to receive more nutrients and improves the plant's appearance.

What is bright indirect light? ›

To sum up, bright, indirect light is bright enough to cast a shadow—though not a dark, clearly defined one—and to read by. It can be found near north- and east-facing windows or shaded south- and west-facing ones, as well as a few feet back from unshaded south- or west-facing windows.

Is mass cane toxic to dogs? ›

Dieffenbachia (commonly known as dumb cane, tropic snow, and exotica) is toxic to dogs and cats. Dieffenbachia contains a chemical that is a poisonous deterrent to animals. If this plant is ingested, oral irritation can occur, especially on the tongue and lips.

Does mass cane purify air? ›

Another air-purifying powerhouse, the mass cane, can remove up to 70% of airborne formaldehyde. These low-maintenance plants resemble palm trees a lot, which is why they are sometimes called “false palms.”

Can I cut the top off my dracaena plant? ›

The good news is that pruning dracaena plants isn't difficult. These sturdy plants tolerate trims with little complaint, and you can cut back a dracaena to any height you like.

Why is my dieffenbachia crying? ›

Don't worry – a little water dripping from your Dieffenbachia's leaves is normal and doesn't necessarily indicate a problem with your plant. This phenomenon is called guttation, and it occurs even in perfectly healthy Dumb Canes.

Should I mist my dieffenbachia? ›

The goal should be to have a 60 percent humidity level throughout the year. You can place your plants atop a tray filled with water and pebbles, or use a humidifier. Misting the plant's leaves is a temporary help, but isn't enough to keep the humidity levels sufficient.

Why are the tips of my dumb cane leaves turning brown? ›

Leaves have brown tips — Brown tips on your dieffenbachia's leaves could be caused by uneven watering. Keep your watering practices a little more regular and never let your plant sit in water. Leaves are curled with brown edges — Curled, browning leaves could be caused by excessive fertilizer application.

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